Birth Control

Hormonal methods

Oral contraceptives — combined pill (“The pill”) The pill contains the hormones estrogen and progestin. It is taken daily to keep the ovaries from releasing an egg. The pill also causes changes in the lining of the uterus and the cervical mucus to keep the sperm from joining the egg. Some women prefer the “extended cycle” pills. These have 12 weeks of pills that contain hormones (active)

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Barrier methods

Contraceptive sponge This barrier method is a soft, disk-shaped device with a loop for taking it out. It is made out of polyurethane (pah-lee-YUR-uh-thayn) foam and contains the spermicide (SPUR-muh-syd) nonoxynol-9. Spermicide kills sperm. Before having sex, you wet the sponge and place it, loop side down, inside your vagina to cover the cervix. The sponge is effective for more than one act of

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Types of Birth Control

Continuous abstinence This means not having sex (vaginal, anal, or oral) at any time. It is the only sure way to prevent pregnancy and protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. Natural family planning/rhythm method Barrier methods Put up a block, or barrier, to keep sperm from reaching the egg Contraceptive sponge Diaphragm, cervical cap, and cervical shield Female condom Male condom Hormonal methods

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